Flexible tantalum stents implanted in aortas and iliac arteries: effects in normal canines

Radiology. 1990 Apr;175(1):91-6. doi: 10.1148/radiology.175.1.2315508.


Vascular endoprostheses made of knitted tantalum wire and expanded over angioplasty balloons were placed into aortas or iliac arteries of 14 normal dogs. Twelve stents were placed into the infrarenal abdominal aorta and two stents in the left common iliac arteries by the left carotid artery approach. To firmly expand the stent against the vascular wall, nominal stent sizes 0.5-1.0 mm larger than the measured arterial diameter were required. Arteriography performed at specified follow-up intervals showed no evidence of thrombi or emboli; all side branches (lumbar arteries) covered by the stents remained patent. Vascular diameter decreased minimally at 8 and 26 weeks, associated with histopathologic evidence of neointimal buildup. This buildup was highest at 8 weeks (mean, 313 microns) and was slightly less at 26 weeks (mean, 223 microns). Almost complete coverage by endothelium was seen as early as 3 weeks. It is concluded that the flexible tantalum wire stents are well tolerated by the arterial wall and become quickly endothelialized. No excessive neointimal buildup was observed during the 6-month study.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Aorta, Abdominal*
  • Blood Vessel Prosthesis
  • Dogs
  • Endothelium, Vascular / physiology
  • Equipment Design
  • Evaluation Studies as Topic
  • Iliac Artery*
  • Stents*
  • Tantalum*


  • Tantalum