Diagnostic approach to cerebral aneurysms

Eur J Radiol. 2013 Oct;82(10):1623-32. doi: 10.1016/j.ejrad.2012.10.014. Epub 2012 Nov 14.


Cerebral aneurysms are an important cause of morbidity and mortality due to their causal effect in non-traumatic subarachnoid hemorrhage. Neurosurgical progress in the 20th century helped to improve patient outcomes greatly. In recent years, techniques such as intravascular treatment by coiling and/or stenting have found an additional place in the management of the disease. With the development of less and less invasive surgical and endovascular techniques, there has also been a continuous development in imaging techniques that have led to our current situation where we dispose of CT and MR techniques that can help improve treatment planning greatly. CT is able to detect and together with its adjunct techniques CT angiography and CT perfusion, it can allow us to provide the physicians in charge with a detailed image of the aneurysm, the feeding vessels as well as the status of blood flow to the brain. Angiography has evolved by becoming the standard tool for guidance during decision making for whatever therapy is being envisioned be it endovascular procedures and or surgery and has even progressed more recently due to the development of so-called flat panel technology that now allows to acquire CT-like images during and directly after an intervention. Thus nowadays, the diagnostic and interventional techniques and procedures have become so much entwined as to be considered a whole.

Keywords: Aneurysm; Computed tomography; Hemorrhage; Magnetic resonance imaging.

MeSH terms

  • Cerebral Angiography / methods*
  • Humans
  • Image Enhancement / methods*
  • Intracranial Aneurysm / diagnosis*
  • Magnetic Resonance Angiography / methods*
  • Patient Positioning / methods*
  • Tomography, X-Ray Computed / methods*