Hair: what is new in diagnosis and management? Female pattern hair loss update: diagnosis and treatment

Dermatol Clin. 2013 Jan;31(1):119-27. doi: 10.1016/j.det.2012.08.005. Epub 2012 Oct 11.


Female pattern hair loss (FPHL) is the most common cause of alopecia in women. FPHL is characterized histologically with increased numbers of miniaturized, velluslike hair follicles. The goal of treatment of FPHL is to arrest hair loss progression and stimulate hair regrowth. The treatments for FPHL can be divided into androgen-dependent and androgen-independent. There is an important adjuvant role for nutritional supplements, light therapy, and hair transplants. All treatments work best when initiated early. Combinations of treatments tend to be more efficacious.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • 14-alpha Demethylase Inhibitors / therapeutic use*
  • Alopecia / diagnosis*
  • Alopecia / therapy
  • Androgen Antagonists / therapeutic use*
  • Female
  • Hair / growth & development
  • Hair / transplantation*
  • Humans
  • Ketoconazole / therapeutic use
  • Minoxidil / therapeutic use
  • Phototherapy / methods
  • Prostheses and Implants
  • Severity of Illness Index
  • Vasodilator Agents / therapeutic use*


  • 14-alpha Demethylase Inhibitors
  • Androgen Antagonists
  • Vasodilator Agents
  • Minoxidil
  • Ketoconazole