We previously characterized RNA polymerase II-associated protein 3 (RPAP3) as a cell death enhancer. Here we report the identification and characterization of splicing isoform of RPAP3, isoform 1 and 2. We investigated the interaction between RPAP3 and PIH1 domain containing protein 1 (PIH1D1), and found that RPAP3 isoform 1, but not isoform 2, interacted with PIH1D1. Furthermore, knockdown of RPAP3 isoform 1 by small interfering RNA down-regulated PIH1D1 protein level without affecting PIH1D1 mRNA. RPAP3 isoform 2 potentiated doxorubicin-induced cell death in human breast cancer T-47 cells although isoform 1 showed no effect. These results suggest that R2TP complex is composed of RPAP3 isoform 1 for its stabilization, and that RPAP3 isoform 2 may have a dominant negative effect on the survival potency of R2TP complex.
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