The purpose of this guideline is to provide a decision aid for diagnosis, treatment, and follow-up of patients with major perineal tears and thus minimize the risk of persistent symptoms. In 2007, the "Guideline for the management of third and fourth degree perineal tears after vaginal birth" was established by members of the Austrian Urogynecologic Working Group (AUB). The guideline was updated in 2011, including literature published up to 30 November 2011. The DELPHI method was used to reach consensus. Evidence-based and consensus-based statements were defined for epidemiology, risk factors, classification, diagnosis, surgery, and follow-up of major perineal lacerations at vaginal birth.