Association between housing quality and individual health characteristics on sleep quality among Latino farmworkers

J Immigr Minor Health. 2014 Apr;16(2):265-72. doi: 10.1007/s10903-012-9746-8.


Although poor sleep quality and associated sleep disorders are associated with increased risk of job injury and multiple mental and physical health problems, scant research has examined sleep quality among Latino farmworkers. Interviews were conducted with 371 male Latino farmworkers working in North Carolina during the 2010 agricultural season. Data on housing quality and sleep quality were collected. Access to air conditioning was significantly and positively associated with good sleep quality. This association remained when other housing characteristics and individual health indicators were controlled. Good sleep quality was associated with low levels of pain, depression, and anxiety. Poor sleep quality among Latino farmworkers was associated with poorer indicators of health. One important indicator of housing quality, air conditioning, was associated with better sleep quality. Further research is required to delineate how to improve the adequacy of farmworker housing to improve sleep quality and other health indicators.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Agriculture
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Health Status Indicators
  • Hispanic or Latino*
  • Housing*
  • Humans
  • Interviews as Topic
  • Male
  • North Carolina / epidemiology
  • Risk Factors
  • Sleep Wake Disorders / epidemiology*
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Transients and Migrants