Data on dilation of 141 native coarctation procedures in 140 patients between 3 days and 29 years of age were submitted to the Valvuloplasty and Angioplasty of Congenital Anomalies (VACA) Registry. Fifteen patients were less than 4 weeks old, 15 between 1 month and 12 months old and 110 patients over 1 year old. The immediate results confirmed that native coarctations could be effectively dilated in both infants and older children. The data do not support any conclusions concerning balloon size relative to results or complications. There were 24 complications (17%) reported with 1 death after 3 days and after intervening surgery in an infant with associated persistent ductus arteriosus. There were 2 early and 6 late "aneurysms" reported after the coarctation dilations with insufficient immediate and no long-term information about the significance of these. The VACA Registry data suggest that dilation of native coarctations can be performed effectively and relatively safely but do not answer whether this procedure should be performed.