Three-dimensional photonic crystals by large-area membrane stacking

Opt Lett. 2012 Nov 15;37(22):4726-8. doi: 10.1364/ol.37.004726.


We designed and analyzed a "mesh-stack" three-dimensional photonic crystal of a 12.4% bandgap with a dielectric constant ratio of 12 : 1. The mesh-stack consists of four offset identical square-lattice air-hole patterned membranes in each vertical period that is equal to the in-plane period of the square lattice. This design is fully compatible with the membrane-stacking fabrication method, which is based on alignment and stacking of large-area single-crystal membranes containing engineered defects. A bandgap greater than 10% is preserved as long as the membranes are subjected to in-plane misalignment less than 3% of the square period. By introducing a linear defect with a nonsymmorphic symmetry into the mesh-stack, we achieved a single-mode waveguide over a wide bandwidth.