We have performed linkage analysis in a large French-Acadian kindred segregating one form of autosomal dominant Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease (CMTD) (type IA) using 17 polymorphic DNA markers spanning human chromosome 17 and demonstrate linkage to several markers in the pericentromeric region, including DNA probes pA10-41, EW301, S12-30, pTH17.19, c11-2B, and p11-2c11.5. Linkage of markers pA10-41 and EW301 to CMTD type IA has been reported elsewhere. Four new markers, 1516, 1517, 1541, and LL101, which map to chromosome 17 have been identified. The marker 1516 appears to be closely linked to the CMTD locus on chromosome 17 as demonstrated by a maximum lod score of 3.42 at theta (recombination fraction) = 0. This marker has been mapped to 17p11.2 using a somatic cell hybrid constructed from a patient with Smith-Magenis syndrome [46,XY, del(17)(p11.2p11.2)]. A lod score of 6.16 has been obtained by multipoint linkage analysis with 1516 and two markers from 17q11.2, pTH17.19, and c11-2B. The markers 1517 and 1541 have been mapped to 17p12-17q11.2 and demonstrate maximum lod scores of 2.35 and 0.63 at recombination values of .1 and .2, respectively. The marker LL101 has been mapped to 17p13.105-17p13.100 and demonstrates a maximum lod score of 1.56 at a recombination value of .1. Our study confirms the localization of CMTD type IA to the pericentromeric region of chromosome 17.