[Research to investigate human cystic echinococcosis with ultrasound and serologic methods and educational studies in different provinces of Aydın/Turkey]

Turkiye Parazitol Derg. 2012;36(3):142-6. doi: 10.5152/tpd.2012.34.
[Article in Turkish]


Objective: Cystic echinococcosis (CE) is particularly prevalent in rural areas where domestic animal breeding is common. We planned to investigate the CE among the 7-88 years old inhabitants of (n=209) four villages in the Aydın district, by a portable ultrasound scanner (US) and with serologic methods.

Methods: Participants were assessed by ultrasound and sera samples were tested for anti-E. granulosus antibodies by serological tests (ELISA and IHA). A questionnaire was given to the participants in order to assess their knowledge about the disease.

Results: Hepatic CE was detected in one case (0.47%) by US, while 24 (11.48%) and 28 (13.39%) cases were found to be seropositive for CE by ELISA and IHA, respectively. With both tests, in 9 participants (4.3%), parasite-specific antibodies were detected. According to questionnaire results, 84.22% of the participants were found to have no knowledge about the disease. Only 15.21% of the dog owners were giving anti-parasite drugs to their dogs.

Conclusion: This study is one of the small number of community-based studies about CE performed in Turkey, in which US was applied. Our results suggest that we need national control programs including a multi-sectorial collaboration to eradicate hydatidosis and effective actions to control cystic echinococcosis.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Animals
  • Animals, Domestic
  • Antibodies, Helminth / blood*
  • Child
  • Dog Diseases / epidemiology
  • Dog Diseases / parasitology
  • Dog Diseases / prevention & control
  • Dogs
  • Echinococcosis / diagnosis*
  • Echinococcosis / diagnostic imaging
  • Echinococcosis / immunology
  • Echinococcosis / prevention & control
  • Echinococcus granulosus / immunology*
  • Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay
  • Female
  • Hemagglutination Tests
  • Humans
  • Immunoglobulin G / blood*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Prevalence
  • Rural Population
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Turkey / epidemiology
  • Ultrasonography
  • Young Adult


  • Antibodies, Helminth
  • Immunoglobulin G