CT of splenosis: patterns and pitfalls

AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2012 Dec;199(6):W686-93. doi: 10.2214/AJR.11.7896.


Objective: After traumatic splenic injury or splenectomy, small isolated spleens may develop. These implants are not limited to the left upper quadrant, and splenosis in other locations can mimic other pathologic entities. This pictorial essay presents the range of appearances of intraabdominal and pelvic splenosis.

Conclusion: Radiologists can suggest or establish the correct diagnosis of splenosis in the appropriate clinical setting, particularly in less typical cases, to avert unnecessary tissue sampling.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Contrast Media
  • Diagnosis, Differential
  • Humans
  • Spleen / injuries
  • Splenectomy
  • Splenosis / diagnostic imaging*
  • Splenosis / etiology
  • Tomography, X-Ray Computed / methods*


  • Contrast Media