When falsified medicines enter the supply chain: description of an incident in Kenya and lessons learned for rapid response

J Public Health Policy. 2013 Jan;34(1):22-30. doi: 10.1057/jphp.2012.53. Epub 2012 Nov 22.


Falsified and substandard medicines present serious concerns for public health. We describe an event that occurred in late 2011 involving falsified antiretroviral medicines found in the supplies of Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) projects in Kenya. We discuss factors contributing to these falsified medicines entering the supply chain as well as the response by MSF and others. We make recommendations to help defend against future episodes of entry of falsified medicines into the supply chain as well as comments on appropriate responses in cases of falsified medicines.

MeSH terms

  • Anti-HIV Agents / standards
  • Anti-HIV Agents / supply & distribution*
  • Counterfeit Drugs / supply & distribution*
  • Fraud / legislation & jurisprudence
  • Humans
  • Kenya
  • Patient Safety


  • Anti-HIV Agents
  • Counterfeit Drugs