The draft genome of watermelon (Citrullus lanatus) and resequencing of 20 diverse accessions

Nat Genet. 2013 Jan;45(1):51-8. doi: 10.1038/ng.2470. Epub 2012 Nov 25.


Watermelon, Citrullus lanatus, is an important cucurbit crop grown throughout the world. Here we report a high-quality draft genome sequence of the east Asia watermelon cultivar 97103 (2n = 2× = 22) containing 23,440 predicted protein-coding genes. Comparative genomics analysis provided an evolutionary scenario for the origin of the 11 watermelon chromosomes derived from a 7-chromosome paleohexaploid eudicot ancestor. Resequencing of 20 watermelon accessions representing three different C. lanatus subspecies produced numerous haplotypes and identified the extent of genetic diversity and population structure of watermelon germplasm. Genomic regions that were preferentially selected during domestication were identified. Many disease-resistance genes were also found to be lost during domestication. In addition, integrative genomic and transcriptomic analyses yielded important insights into aspects of phloem-based vascular signaling in common between watermelon and cucumber and identified genes crucial to valuable fruit-quality traits, including sugar accumulation and citrulline metabolism.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Chromosome Mapping
  • Chromosomes, Plant
  • Citrullus / classification
  • Citrullus / genetics*
  • Computational Biology / methods
  • Evolution, Molecular
  • Gene Expression Profiling
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Plant
  • Genetic Variation
  • Genome, Plant*
  • High-Throughput Nucleotide Sequencing
  • Molecular Sequence Annotation
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Phylogeny
  • Repetitive Sequences, Nucleic Acid
  • Transcriptome

Associated data

  • GENBANK/AGCB00000000
  • GENBANK/JN402338
  • GENBANK/JN402339
  • GENBANK/JX027061
  • GENBANK/JX027062