Background: This study sought to compare the prevalence and modifying factors of normoalbuminuric (NA) versus albuminuric (ALB) CKD in the U.S. diabetic and nondiabetic populations.
Methods: NHANES 2001-2008 included 2798 diabetic and 15,743 nondiabetic participants. Age-specific prevalence of NA-CKD and ALB-CKD was calculated within each diabetes stratum and then stratified again according to gender, ethnicity, mean arterial pressure ≥105 mmHg and HbA1c≥7%. Multivariate regression analyses were performed to determine odds ratios and 95% CI for NA-CKD.
Results: Prevalence of NA-CKD rose with age, with an overall mean of 9.7% in diabetic and 4.3% in nondiabetic participants. NA-CKD was less prevalent in diabetic men, OR=0.58 (95% CI: 0.39, 0.87). In comparison with whites, blacks and 'other' ethnic groups had an OR for NA-CKD of 0.44 (95% CI 0.29, 0.68) and 0.57 (95% CI: 0.34, 0.96), respectively. Poorly controlled blood pressure and glycemia resulted in a decreased OR for NA-CKD (OR = 0.25, 95% CI: 0.13, 0.50) and (0.48, 95% CI: 0.31, 0.74), respectively. Similar results were obtained for nondiabetic participants.
Conclusions: NA-CKD is more common in people with diabetes, women, non-Hispanic whites, and in the setting of well controlled blood pressure and glycemia.
Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.