Background: In the present study, we aimed to investigate the effects of off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting and on-pump cardiopulmonary bypass on the serum S-100 beta (S-100B) protein levels and neurocognitive functions of the patients.
Materials and methods: Sixty-four patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) were enrolled in the study and were divided into two groups: off-pump (group I, n = 24) and on-pump CABG (group II, n = 40) group. Serum S-100B levels were measured before and 0, 6, and 24 h after the operation. Neurocognitive function tests were done preoperatively and were repeated in the postoperative period as well.
Results: Serum S-100B levels were similar between the two groups preoperatively. However, median S-100B levels at 0, 6, and 24 h after the surgery were found to be significantly lower in the off-pump CABG group than in the on-pump group. The preoperative neurocognitive functions of the patients were similar between the two groups, whereas neurocognitive function was found to be significantly impaired postoperatively in the on-pump group in comparison with the off-pump CABG group.
Conclusion: We concluded that off-pump CABG is associated with decreased serum S100 protein levels and less impairment on neurocognitive functions compared with the on-pump group.
Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.