Intrapatient variations in type 1 diabetes-specific iPS cell differentiation into insulin-producing cells

Mol Ther. 2013 Jan;21(1):228-39. doi: 10.1038/mt.2012.245. Epub 2012 Nov 27.


Nuclear reprogramming of adult somatic tissue enables embryo-independent generation of autologous, patient-specific induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells. Exploiting this emergent regenerative platform for individualized medicine applications requires the establishment of bioequivalence criteria across derived pluripotent lines and lineage-specified derivatives. Here, from individual patients with type 1 diabetes (T1D) multiple human iPS clones were produced and prospectively screened using a battery of developmental markers to assess respective differentiation propensity and proficiency in yielding functional insulin (INS)-producing progeny. Global gene expression profiles, pluripotency expression patterns, and the capacity to differentiate into SOX17- and FOXA2-positive definitive endoderm (DE)-like cells were comparable among individual iPS clones. However, notable intrapatient variation was evident upon further guided differentiation into HNF4α- and HNF1β-expressing primitive gut tube, and INS- and glucagon (GCG)-expressing islet-like cells. Differential dynamics of pluripotency-associated genes and pancreatic lineage-specifying genes underlined clonal variance. Successful generation of glucose-responsive INS-producing cells required silencing of stemness programs as well as the induction of stage-specific pancreatic transcription factors. Thus, comprehensive fingerprinting of individual clones is mandatory to secure homogenous pools amenable for diagnostic and therapeutic applications of iPS cells from patients with T1D.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Cell Differentiation*
  • Cell Lineage
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1 / metabolism
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1 / pathology*
  • Gene Expression Profiling
  • Genetic Vectors
  • Humans
  • Insulin / biosynthesis*
  • Karyotyping
  • Oligonucleotide Array Sequence Analysis
  • Pancreas / metabolism
  • Pancreas / pathology
  • Polymerase Chain Reaction
  • Stem Cells / metabolism
  • Stem Cells / pathology


  • Insulin