Rapid detection of orf virus by loop-mediated isothermal amplification based on the DNA polymerase gene

Arch Virol. 2013 Apr;158(4):793-8. doi: 10.1007/s00705-012-1526-1. Epub 2012 Nov 27.


At present, there are no effective antiviral treatments available for contagious ecthyma, and rapid diagnosis is therefore critical for effective control of the disease. Recently, the invention of a novel LAMP technique that can rapidly amplify nucleic acids with high specificity and sensitivity under isothermal conditions has overcome some of the deficiencies of nucleic acid-based diagnostic tests and has made on-site diagnosis possible. To establish a flexible loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) assay for the rapid detection of orf virus, two pairs of primers, including outer primers F3/B3 and inner primers FIP/BIP, were designed to amplify the DNA polymerase gene. Optimal time and temperature conditions for LAMP were found to be 45 min and 62 °C, respectively. The LAMP assay was shown to be specific, with no cross-reactivity with sheeppox virus, goatpox virus, avian molluscum roup virus or vesicular stomatitis virus. Additionally, the sensitivity of the LAMP method was similar to that of real-time PCR and demonstrated greater sensitivity than a conventional polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assay. To assess the utility of LAMP in the detection of orf virus in clinical samples, a total of 35 samples collected from orf virus-infected sheep and goats were tested using the optimized LAMP assay, real-time PCR, and conventional PCR. Of the samples, 26 were found to be positive by LAMP, and 25 (74.3 %) were positive by real-time PCR, whereas only 18 (51.4 %) were positive by conventional PCR. Our results have shown that the LAMP assay developed in this study can be used for the rapid detection of orf virus.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Base Sequence
  • DNA, Viral / genetics
  • DNA, Viral / isolation & purification
  • DNA-Directed DNA Polymerase / genetics
  • DNA-Directed DNA Polymerase / metabolism*
  • Ecthyma, Contagious / diagnosis
  • Ecthyma, Contagious / virology*
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Enzymologic
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Viral / physiology
  • Nucleic Acid Amplification Techniques*
  • Orf virus / genetics
  • Orf virus / isolation & purification*
  • Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction / methods
  • Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction / veterinary*
  • Sensitivity and Specificity
  • Sheep


  • DNA, Viral
  • DNA-Directed DNA Polymerase