[Adherence rate in intervention programs for the promotion of physical activity in older adults: a systematic literature review]

Praxis (Bern 1994). 2012 Nov 28;101(24):1535-47. doi: 10.1024/1661-8157/a001129.
[Article in German]


Background: In order to introduce elderly people to be physically active, it is necessary to evaluate which types of exercise show a high adherence. Therefore, the objective of this systematic literature review was to determine adherence rates in intervention programs to promote physical activity in older adults.

Methods: Forty-six studies investigating the effects of aerobic, resistance, power, balance, Tai Chi training, and multimodal training were included following a systematic literature search. Adherence rates were evaluated using multiple linear regression analysis.

Results: No significant correlations were observed between adherence rates and exercise programs. However, there was a significant association between adherence rate and training frequency (-2,9%; p=0,042), training duration (-0,2%; p=0,016) and number of participants (-0,1%; p=0,008).

Conclusion: To ensure a high adherence to training programs with older people, it seems that to a lesser extent the contents of training, but rather the training modalities (i.e., training frequency, intervention duration) and the number of participants appear to be of importance.

Publication types

  • Review
  • Systematic Review

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Clinical Trials as Topic
  • Exercise*
  • Female
  • Health Promotion*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Motor Activity*
  • Patient Compliance*
  • Physical Therapy Modalities
  • Treatment Outcome