The increased knowledge of molecular changes associated with different neurological disorders calls for the development of novel radioligands. Tiagabine (Gabitril) is an anticonvulsive drug that binds selectively to GABA transporter-1 and thereby inhibits GABA uptake. As radioligands for in-vivo imaging of the GABA transporter are not yet available, we radiolabelled tiagabine and assessed its efficacy for in-vivo imaging of these transporters. Tiagabine was first brominated at its vinylic part, which was then exchanged with I. Next, anaesthetized rats received a bolus injection of [I]iodotiagabine in their tail vein, which was immediately followed by acquisition of planar and high-resolution micro-single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) images of the total body with special focus on the brain. Uptake in anatomical regions was assessed by coregistration of micro-SPECT with micro-CT images. Tiagabine labelling with I resulted in 50% yield and 99.7% radiochemical purity. Within 3 h after injection, SPECT demonstrated an increased signal-to-background ratio in the nasal mucosa and/or the Harderian glands but not in the brain. In addition we observed an increased signal-to-background ratio in organs such as the thyroid, heart, liver, kidney and bladder. More than 99% pure I-labelled tiagabine can be obtained and applied in animal micro-SPECT studies. However, this new radioligand is not taken up sufficiently by the brain and therefore cannot be used to successfully detect cerebral GABA transporters.