There are currently no studies calculating the survival benefit of liver transplantation (LT) according to model for end-stage liver disease-sodium (MELD-Na) and based on the competing risk (CR) method. We enrolled consecutive adult patients with chronic end-stage liver disease entering the waiting list (WL) for primary LT (WL group = 337) and undergoing LT (LT group = 220) in the period 2006-2009. Two independent multivariable regressions (WL and LT models) were created to measure the prognostic power of MELD-Na with respect to MELD. For the WL model, both Cox and CR multivariable analyses were performed. Estimates were finally included in a Markov model to calculate 3-year survival benefit. WL Cox model: MELD-Na (P < 0.0001) and MELD (P < 0.0001) significantly predicted survival. WL CR model: MELD-Na (P = 0.0045) and MELD (P = 0.0109) significantly predicted survival. LT Cox model: MELD-Na (P = 0.7608) and MELD score (P = 0.9413) had not correlation with survival. Benefit model: MELD and MELD-Na had an overlapping significant impact on 3-year survival benefit; CR method determined a significant decrease in 3-year life expectancy (LE) estimations. MELD-Na and MELD scores similarly predicted 3-year LT survival benefit, but the gain in LE is significantly lower when a CR method is adopted.
© 2012 The Authors Transplant International © 2012 European Society for Organ Transplantation. Published by Blackwell Publishing Ltd.