Comparison of Activities and Properties of Pyrophosphate and Adenosine Triphosphate-Dependent Phosphofructokinases of Black Gram (Phaseolus Mungo) Seeds

J Plant Physiol. 1984 Sep;116(3):241-52. doi: 10.1016/S0176-1617(84)80094-2. Epub 2012 Jan 20.

Abstract

Both pyrophosphate-dependent phosphofructokinase (PPi-PFKase, EC 2.7.1.90) and ATPdependent phosphofructokinase (ATP-PFKase, EC 2.7. 1.11) were present in dry and germinated black gram seeds. In the absence of fructose-2,6-biphosphate (F2,6BP), the activity of PPi-PFKase expressed as nmol · min(-1) · (pair of cotyledons)(-1) was much lower than that of ATP-PFKase in both dry and germinated seeds. However, PPi-PFKase was activated by F2,6BP and its activity reached the same level as ATP-PFKase activity. ATP-PFKase showed sigmoidal kinetics respective to fructose-6-phosphate (F6P), while PPi-PFKase exhibited hyperbolic kinetics in the presence of F2,6BP. The F6P concentration for half maximal activity of ATP-PFKase (1.5 mM) was nearly 5 times lower than that of PPi-PFKase (7.1 mM). The apparent Km values of PPi-PFKase for PPi and that of ATP-PFKase for ATP were 0.29 mM and 0.23 mM, respectively. Phosphoenolpyruvate (PEP) and citrate inhibited ATP-PFKase activity, but they did not affect PPi-PFKase activity. The activity of PPi-PFKase was inhibited by Pi, while only a little Pi inhibition was observed in the case of ATP-PFKase. These results suggest that the control mechanism of PPi-PFKase and that of ATP-PFKase are quite different. In contrast to pineapple leaves (Carnal, N. W. and C. C. Black, Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 86, 20-26, 1979) and caster bean seedlings (Krugar et al., FEBS Lett. 153, 409-412, 1983), PPi-PFKase is not the predominant PFKase activity in black gram seeds.