[Increased risk of venous thromboembolism and arterial cardiovascular events in patients with inflammatory bowel disease]

Ugeskr Laeger. 2012 Nov 26;174(48):3003-6.
[Article in Danish]


This focused review describes the current knowledge of the association between inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and cardiovascular disease. Atherosclerosis is a chronic inflammatory disease, and as well as venous thromboembolism this disease shares inflammatory mechanisms with IBD. Patients with IBD have a high risk of venous thromboembolism especially during IBD flare-ups. Their risk of arterial cardiovascular disease may also be increased. The risk of cardiovascular disease in patients with IBD warrants clinical attention, and it is possible that the risk can be modified by applying anti-inflammatory therapy.

Publication types

  • English Abstract
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Anti-Inflammatory Agents / therapeutic use
  • Atherosclerosis / complications
  • Cardiovascular Diseases / complications*
  • Crohn Disease / complications
  • Crohn Disease / drug therapy
  • Crohn Disease / pathology
  • Humans
  • Inflammatory Bowel Diseases / complications*
  • Inflammatory Bowel Diseases / drug therapy
  • Intestine, Small / pathology
  • Pulmonary Embolism / complications
  • Risk Factors
  • Venous Thromboembolism / complications*
  • Venous Thrombosis / complications


  • Anti-Inflammatory Agents