Road traffic accidents before and after seatbelt legislation--study in a district general hospital

J R Soc Med. 1990 Feb;83(2):79-81. doi: 10.1177/014107689008300207.


Injuries among samples of car accident cases attending the Accident & Emergency (A & E) department of a District General Hospital (DGH) in the year before and after the introduction of seat belt legislation were classified applying the Abbreviated Injury Scale using information recorded in the patient case notes. Those who died or did not attend an A & E department were not included in the sampling frame. The number of those who escaped injury increased by 40% and those with mild and moderate injuries decreased by 35% after seatbelt legislation. There was a significant reduction in soft tissue injuries to the head. Only whiplash injuries to the neck showed a significant increase.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Abbreviated Injury Scale
  • Accidents, Traffic / trends*
  • Adult
  • Craniocerebral Trauma / etiology
  • Emergency Service, Hospital / statistics & numerical data
  • England
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Public Health / legislation & jurisprudence*
  • Seat Belts*
  • Whiplash Injuries / etiology
  • Wounds and Injuries / epidemiology*
  • Wounds and Injuries / etiology