Chondro-manubrial deformity and bifid rib, rare variations seen in pectus carinatum: a radiological finding

Surg Radiol Anat. 2013 Jul;35(5):443-7. doi: 10.1007/s00276-012-1046-4. Epub 2012 Nov 30.


Pectus carinatum or protrusion deformity of chest wall is less frequently occurring anterior chest wall deformity when compared to pectus excavatum. It may be classified as type 1 or chondro-gladiolar and type 2 or chondro-manubrial deformity. Other variations seen are symmetrical and asymmetrical pectus carinatum. Here we present two unique case reports, one with chondro-manubrial deformity (Currarino-Silverman syndrome) and other with asymmetrical pectus carinatum having bifid rib which are some of the rare variations seen in pectus carinatum found during Computerized tomographic examination. Currarino-Silverman syndrome is a type 2 pectus carinatum, a rare deformity with chondro-manubrial involvement and usually associated congenital heart diseases. Early fusion of sternal plates is one of the known theories in producing this deformity. On the other hand, asymmetrical pectus deformity are usually seen due to imbalance or abnormality in growth plates of costal cartilages leading to forked rib or bifid rib, which are accidently seen on radiological examination. To conclude, our reports would help in differential diagnosis from frequently occurring conditions affecting chest like chondro-gladiolar deformity, pectus excavatum, chest wall tumours, rib fractures and intra thoracic ribs.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Child
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Musculoskeletal Abnormalities / diagnostic imaging*
  • Musculoskeletal Abnormalities / etiology
  • Radiography, Thoracic
  • Thorax / abnormalities*
  • Tomography, X-Ray Computed