Long-term functional alterations in sports concussion

Neurosurg Focus. 2012 Dec;33(6):E8: 1-7. doi: 10.3171/2012.9.FOCUS12278.


In this review the authors discuss persistent and cumulative alterations in both cognitive and motor function after sports concussions detected with some of the newest, most sophisticated brain investigation techniques. Ranging from subclinical neurophysiological alterations in young concussed athletes to quantifiable cognitive and motor function declines in former athletes in late adulthood with concussions sustained decades earlier, this review is also intended to provide new insights into the neuropathophysiology of sports concussion.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Athletic Injuries / physiopathology*
  • Brain / physiopathology*
  • Brain Concussion / physiopathology*
  • Cognition Disorders / physiopathology*
  • Humans
  • Recovery of Function / physiology*
  • Time