The frequency of dominant cataract and recessive specific-locus mutations and mutation mosaics in F1 mice derived from post-spermatogonial treatment with ethylnitrosourea

Mutat Res. 1990 Apr;229(2):105-14. doi: 10.1016/0027-5107(90)90084-h.

Abstract

The frequency of dominant cataract and recessive specific-locus mutations and mutation mosaics was determined in F1 mice derived from post-spermatogonial germ-cell stage treatment with 2 X 80, 160 or 250 mg/kg ethylnitrosourea. A total of 5 dominant cataract mutations, 3 dominant cataract mutation mosaics, 1 specific-locus mutation and 9 specific-locus mutation mosaics were recovered in 15,542 screened F1 offspring. Results indicate that ethylnitrosourea treatment increases the mutation rate of dominant cataract and recessive specific-locus alleles in post-spermatogonial germ-cell stages of the mouse and that the mutations occur mainly as mosaics. Genetic confirmation of newly induced mutations occurring as mosaics is more problematical for induced recessive alleles than for induced dominant alleles and should be considered when evaluating such mutagenicity results.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Alleles
  • Animals
  • Cataract / chemically induced
  • Cataract / genetics*
  • Ethylnitrosourea
  • Genes, Dominant*
  • Genes, Recessive
  • Genetic Linkage
  • Male
  • Mice
  • Mosaicism*
  • Mutation*
  • Phenotype*
  • Spermatogonia / drug effects*
  • Spermatozoa / drug effects*
  • X Chromosome

Substances

  • Ethylnitrosourea