Gene expression alterations in doxorubicin resistant MCF7 breast cancer cell line

Genomics. 2013 Apr;101(4):213-20. doi: 10.1016/j.ygeno.2012.11.009. Epub 2012 Nov 30.


Many molecular mechanisms contribute to the development of doxorubicin resistance and different cancers can express wide and diverse arrays of drug-resistance genes. The aim of this study was to identify the changes in gene expression associated with the development of doxorubicin resistance in MCF7 breast cancer cell line. The doxorubicin resistant MCF7 cell line was developed by stepwise selection of MCF7 cells and was tested using the MTT assay. The alterations in gene expression were examined using the real-time based PCR array. The findings showed an up-regulation of many phase I/II metabolizing genes, specifically, the CYP1A1 and the CYP1A2 that were up-regulated by 206- and 96-fold respectively. Drug efflux pump genes were also up-regulated profoundly. TOP2A was strongly down-regulated by 202-fold. Many other changes were observed in genes crucial for cell cycle, apoptosis and DNA repair. The findings of this project imply that the development of doxorubicin resistance is a multi-factorial process.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Antibiotics, Antineoplastic / pharmacology*
  • Antigens, Neoplasm / genetics
  • Antigens, Neoplasm / metabolism
  • Apoptosis / drug effects
  • Breast Neoplasms / genetics
  • Breast Neoplasms / metabolism*
  • Cell Cycle / drug effects
  • Cytochrome P-450 CYP1A1 / genetics
  • Cytochrome P-450 CYP1A1 / metabolism
  • Cytochrome P-450 CYP1A2 / genetics
  • Cytochrome P-450 CYP1A2 / metabolism
  • DNA Repair / drug effects
  • DNA Topoisomerases, Type II / genetics
  • DNA Topoisomerases, Type II / metabolism
  • DNA-Binding Proteins / genetics
  • DNA-Binding Proteins / metabolism
  • Doxorubicin / pharmacology*
  • Drug Resistance, Neoplasm / genetics
  • Female
  • Humans
  • MCF-7 Cells
  • Membrane Transport Proteins / genetics
  • Membrane Transport Proteins / metabolism
  • Poly-ADP-Ribose Binding Proteins
  • Selection, Genetic
  • Transcription, Genetic / drug effects*
  • Up-Regulation


  • Antibiotics, Antineoplastic
  • Antigens, Neoplasm
  • DNA-Binding Proteins
  • Membrane Transport Proteins
  • Poly-ADP-Ribose Binding Proteins
  • Doxorubicin
  • CYP1A1 protein, human
  • CYP1A2 protein, human
  • Cytochrome P-450 CYP1A1
  • Cytochrome P-450 CYP1A2
  • DNA Topoisomerases, Type II
  • TOP2A protein, human