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, 10 (1), 57-9

Quality-filtering Vastly Improves Diversity Estimates From Illumina Amplicon Sequencing

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Quality-filtering Vastly Improves Diversity Estimates From Illumina Amplicon Sequencing

Nicholas A Bokulich et al. Nat Methods.

Abstract

High-throughput sequencing has revolutionized microbial ecology, but read quality remains a considerable barrier to accurate taxonomy assignment and α-diversity assessment for microbial communities. We demonstrate that high-quality read length and abundance are the primary factors differentiating correct from erroneous reads produced by Illumina GAIIx, HiSeq and MiSeq instruments. We present guidelines for user-defined quality-filtering strategies, enabling efficient extraction of high-quality data and facilitating interpretation of Illumina sequencing results.

Figures

Figure 1
Figure 1
Quality Filtration Process Flow in QIIME v1.5.0.
Figure 2
Figure 2
α- and β-Diversity comparisons of mock community reads filtered using select phred_quality_score (q) settings (dataset 1). A, B: Family-level (A) and genus-level (B) taxon counts for mock communities filtered with variable (q) values at multiple OTU minimum abundance thresholds (c) (as %). Arrows below color key indicate expected genus- (blue) and family-level (red) taxon counts. C, D, E: Procrustes PCoA biplot of GAIIx weighted UniFrac distance comparing variation in (q). Comparison of (q) setting listed in bottom-right corner to (q) = 3. Top-right corner indicates Bonferroni-corrected p-value for Procrustes goodness of fit. Red, human feces; Magenta, mock community; Cyan, human skin; Dark cyan, human tongue; Blue, freshwater; Orange, freshwater creek; Purple, ocean; Yellow, estuary sediment; Pink, soil. All other settings represent defaults in both α- and β-diversity comparisons.

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