RegulonDB v8.0: omics data sets, evolutionary conservation, regulatory phrases, cross-validated gold standards and more

Nucleic Acids Res. 2013 Jan;41(Database issue):D203-13. doi: 10.1093/nar/gks1201. Epub 2012 Nov 29.


This article summarizes our progress with RegulonDB ( during the past 2 years. We have kept up-to-date the knowledge from the published literature regarding transcriptional regulation in Escherichia coli K-12. We have maintained and expanded our curation efforts to improve the breadth and quality of the encoded experimental knowledge, and we have implemented criteria for the quality of our computational predictions. Regulatory phrases now provide high-level descriptions of regulatory regions. We expanded the assignment of quality to various sources of evidence, particularly for knowledge generated through high-throughput (HT) technology. Based on our analysis of most relevant methods, we defined rules for determining the quality of evidence when multiple independent sources support an entry. With this latest release of RegulonDB, we present a new highly reliable larger collection of transcription start sites, a result of our experimental HT genome-wide efforts. These improvements, together with several novel enhancements (the tracks display, uploading format and curational guidelines), address the challenges of incorporating HT-generated knowledge into RegulonDB. Information on the evolutionary conservation of regulatory elements is also available now. Altogether, RegulonDB version 8.0 is a much better home for integrating knowledge on gene regulation from the sources of information currently available.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Bacterial Proteins / metabolism
  • Databases, Genetic* / standards
  • Escherichia coli K12 / genetics*
  • Evolution, Molecular
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Bacterial*
  • Genomics
  • Internet
  • Promoter Regions, Genetic
  • Regulatory Elements, Transcriptional*
  • Regulon
  • Repressor Proteins / metabolism
  • Sequence Analysis, RNA
  • Transcription Factors / metabolism
  • Transcription Initiation Site
  • Transcription, Genetic*


  • Bacterial Proteins
  • Repressor Proteins
  • Transcription Factors
  • ferric uptake regulating proteins, bacterial