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. 2011 Dec;8(4):249-54.

Attention-deficit Hyperactive Disorder Presenting With School Truancy in an Adolescent: A Case Report

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Free PMC article

Attention-deficit Hyperactive Disorder Presenting With School Truancy in an Adolescent: A Case Report

Noor Azimah Muhammad et al. Ment Health Fam Med. .
Free PMC article

Abstract

Attention-deficit hyperactive disorder (ADHD) is a psychiatric illness commonly diagnosed during the early years of childhood. In many adolescents with undiagnosed ADHD, presentation may not be entirely similar to that in younger children. These adolescents pose significant challenges to parents and teachers coping with their disability. Often adolescents with behavioural problems are brought to medical attention as a last resort. This case describes an adolescent who presented to a primary care clinic with school truancy. He was initially treated for depression with oppositional defiant disorder and sibling rivalry. Only following a careful detailed history and further investigations was the diagnosis of ADHD made. He showed a positive improvement with the use of methylphenidate for his ADHD and escitalopram for his depression. The success of his management was further supported by the use of behavioural therapy and parenting interventions. There is a need to increase public awareness of ADHD, especially among parents and teachers so that early intervention can be instituted in these children.

Keywords: attention-deficit hyperactive disorder; primary care; school truancy.

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