Restenosis: a challenge for vascular surgeon

J Cardiovasc Surg (Torino). 2012 Dec;53(6):735-46.


From the beginning of the cardiovascular surgery to the endovascular era restenosis represents the main problem of several spreading vascular disciplines. It can be considered as an excessive wound healing reaction of target vessel of revascularization procedures, that leads to a new narrowing of the vascular lumen. Restenosis still represents the main limiting factor of the long-term success of revascularization procedures. Prevention and strict follow-up are well established techniques in order to reduce restenosis rate and clinical impact of this condition. New drugs as cilostazol have been proven beneficial for patients with de novo lesions of peripheral arteries and cilostazol seems to avoid restenosis process in the majority of patients.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Arterial Occlusive Diseases / etiology*
  • Arterial Occlusive Diseases / prevention & control*
  • Cilostazol
  • Constriction, Pathologic / etiology
  • Constriction, Pathologic / prevention & control
  • Humans
  • Secondary Prevention
  • Tetrazoles / therapeutic use
  • Vascular Surgical Procedures / adverse effects*
  • Vasodilator Agents / therapeutic use


  • Tetrazoles
  • Vasodilator Agents
  • Cilostazol