Treatment of a bone defect consequent to the removal of a periapical cyst with equine bone and equine membranes: clinical and histological outcome

Minerva Stomatol. 2012 Nov-Dec;61(11-12):477-90.
[Article in English, Italian]


Aim: While deproteinized bovine bone and bovine membranes have been well studied and can yield good results when used to treat bone defects and peri-implant dehiscences, enzymatically deantigenated equine bone and equine membranes have emerged as possible alternative biomaterials. The objective of this study was the clinical and histological assessment of such materials: equine bone granules, an equine collagen membrane and an equine pericardium membrane.

Methods: Enzymatically deantigenated equine bone and an equine collagen membrane were used to restore a bone defect caused by the removal of a bone cyst in the upper anterior maxilla. After 4.5 months, an implant was placed and a bone core sample was obtained from the grafted site. Implants threads, though, were exposed. This defect was grafted with a mixture of autogenous and equine bone and covered with an equine pericardium membrane.

Results: Four months after implant placement the peri-implant bone levels were maintained. A prosthesis was delivered three months later providing functional and esthetic rehabilitation. Also four-year follow-up controls showed implant success. Histological analysis of the bone core revealed that the graft material had undergone remodelling, and a fair amount of newly formed vital bone was present at the time of sample collection.

Conclusion: The deantigenated equine bone is biocompatible and undergoes osteoclastic remodelling. Both the equine collagen and pericardium membrane acted as effective barriers for guided bone regeneration.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Bone Transplantation*
  • Female
  • Horses
  • Humans
  • Membranes / transplantation
  • Middle Aged
  • Radicular Cyst / surgery*
  • Treatment Outcome