Background: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a common condition, present in 12-21% of women of reproductive age. Up to 70% of women with PCOS remain undiagnosed.
Objective: This article summarises the 2011 national PCOS guideline, Evidence-based guideline for the assessment and management of polycystic ovary syndrome, for the general practice context, with particular reference to the needs of Indigenous Australian women.
Discussion: Women with PCOS may present with a wide range of symptoms. The Rotterdam criteria are the most widely accepted for diagnosis and the national guideline references these criteria. Women with PCOS have a higher risk of metabolic syndrome and its cardiovascular sequelae. This is particularly important for Indigenous women who are already at increased baseline risk. Management of PCOS involves attention to current symptoms, fertility and psychosocial issues, as well as prevention of related future health problems including diabetes. Resources are available to help guide management and patients may benefit most from a team approach to care.