The first case of hepatic transplantation in a patient with congenital absence of the portal vein (CAPV) is reported. A 10-year-old girl with biliary atresia and CAPV underwent successful hepatic transplantation and has normal liver function 9 months after transplantation. This case is only the seventh reported case of CAPV. Patients with CAPV commonly have additional liver anomalies, cardiac and inferior vena cava anomalies, and polysplenia. Surprisingly, hepatic encephalopathy is not a prominent feature in patients with CAPV despite systemic drainage of mesenteric venous blood. CAPV should not be considered a contraindication to hepatic transplantation.