Imaging of degenerative spine disease--the state of the art

Adv Clin Exp Med. 2012 Mar-Apr;21(2):133-42.


The authors review the current state of imaging of degenerative spinal disease (DSD), which is one of the most common disorders in humans. The most important definitions as well as short descriptions of the etiopathology and clinical presentation of DSD are provided first, followed by an overview of conventional and advanced imaging methods that are used in DSD. The authors then discuss in detail the imaging patterns of particular types of degenerative changes. Finally, the current imaging algorithm in DSD is presented. The imaging method of choice is magnetic resonance, including advanced techniques--especially diffusion tensor imaging. Other imaging methods (plain radiography, computed tomography, vascular studies, scintigraphy, positron emission tomography, discography) play a supplementary role ).

Publication types

  • Editorial
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Algorithms
  • Diagnostic Imaging / methods*
  • Humans
  • Intervertebral Disc / pathology
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging*
  • Positron-Emission Tomography
  • Predictive Value of Tests
  • Risk Assessment
  • Risk Factors
  • Spinal Cord / pathology
  • Spinal Diseases / diagnosis*
  • Spinal Diseases / diagnostic imaging
  • Spinal Diseases / etiology
  • Spinal Diseases / pathology
  • Spine / diagnostic imaging
  • Spine / pathology*
  • Tomography, X-Ray Computed