Background: A video-assisted thoracoscopic approach to lobectomy varies among surgeons. Typically, 3 to 4 incisions are made. Our approach has evolved from a 3-port to a 2-port approach to a single 4- to 5-cm incision with no rib spreading. We report results with single-incision video-assisted thoracic major pulmonary resections during our first 2 years of experience.
Methods: In June 2010, we began performing video-assisted thoracoscopic lobectomies through a uniportal approach (no rib spreading). By July 12, 2012, 102 patients had undergone this single-incision approach.
Results: Of 102 attempted major resections, 97 were successfully completed with a single incision (operations in 3 patients were converted to open surgery and 2 patients needed 1 additional incision). Five uniportal pneumonectomies were not included in the study. We have analyzed early outcomes of successful uniportal lobectomies (92 patients studied). Right upper lobectomy was the most frequent resection (28 cases). Mean surgical time was 154.1 ± 46 minutes (range, 60-310 minutes), mean number of lymph nodes was 14.5 ± 7 (range, 5-38 nodes), and mean number of explored nodal stations was 4.6 ± 1.2 (range, 3-8 stations). The mean tumor size was 2.8 ± 1.5 cm (0-6.5 cm). The median duration of time a chest tube was in place was 2 days and the median length of hospital stay was 3 days. There were complications in 14 patients; no postoperative 30-day mortality was reported.
Conclusions: Single-incision video-assisted thoracoscopic anatomic resection is a feasible and safe procedure with good perioperative results, especially when performed by surgeons experienced with the double-port technique and anterior thoracotomy.
Copyright © 2013 The Society of Thoracic Surgeons. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.