4D reconstruction of the beating embryonic heart from two orthogonal sets of parallel optical coherence tomography slice-sequences

IEEE Trans Med Imaging. 2013 Mar;32(3):578-88. doi: 10.1109/TMI.2012.2231692. Epub 2012 Dec 4.


Current methods to build dynamic optical coherence tomography (OCT) volumes of the beating embryonic heart involve synchronization of 2D+time slice-sequences acquired over separate heartbeats. Temporal registration of these sequences is performed either through gating or postprocessing. While synchronization algorithms that exclusively rely on image- intrinsic signals allow forgoing external gating hardware, they are prone to error accumulation, require operator-supervised correction, or lead to nonisotropic resolution. Here, we propose an image-based, retrospective reconstruction technique that uses two sets of parallel 2D+T slice-sequences, acquired perpendicularly to each other, to yield accurate and automatic reconstructions with isotropic resolution. The method utilizes the similarity of the data at the slice intersections to spatio-temporally register the two sets of slice sequences and fuse them into a high-resolution 4D volume. We characterize our method by using 1) simulated heart phantom datasets and 2) OCT datasets acquired from the beating heart of live cultured E9.5 mouse and E10.5 rat embryos. We demonstrate that while our method requires greater acquisition and reconstruction time compared to methods that use slices from a single direction, it produces more accurate and self-validating reconstructions since each set of reconstructed slices acts as a reference for the slices in the perpendicular set.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Algorithms
  • Animals
  • Cardiac Imaging Techniques / instrumentation
  • Cardiac Imaging Techniques / methods*
  • Data Interpretation, Statistical
  • Databases, Factual
  • Embryo, Mammalian
  • Heart / anatomy & histology
  • Heart / embryology*
  • Heart / physiology*
  • Imaging, Three-Dimensional / instrumentation
  • Imaging, Three-Dimensional / methods*
  • Mice
  • Rats
  • Tomography, Optical Coherence / instrumentation
  • Tomography, Optical Coherence / methods*