Hyperreactive platelet phenotypes: relationship to altered serotonin transporter number, transport kinetics and intrinsic response to adrenergic co-stimulation

Thromb Haemost. 2013 Jan;109(1):85-92. doi: 10.1160/TH12-03-0202. Epub 2012 Dec 6.

Abstract

The mechanism underlying a hyperreactive platelet phenotype remains unknown. Since serotonin has been shown to influence platelet biology and atherothrombosis, we sought to investigate the association of platelet serotonin transporter number, binding affinity, and uptake kinetics with platelet aggregation. A total of 542 healthy volunteers had light transmittance platelet aggregometry measured in response to varying concentrations of epinephrine, serotonin, epinephrine plus serotonin, ADP and collagen. Transporter-dependent serotonin uptake rate was determined (Vmax), as were serotonin transporter number (Bmax) and binding affinity (Kd) using 3H paroxetine binding in a homologous displacement assay, nonlinear regression and validated algorithms for kinetic modelling. Stimulation with submaximal (2μM) epinephrine concentration elicited a distinct, bimodal pattern of platelet aggregation in this population. In contrast, subjects exhibited minimal aggregation in response to serotonin alone. Co-stimulation with submaximal epinephrine and serotonin induced platelet aggregation to a level beyond that observed with either agonist alone and maintained a bimodal response distribution. Subjects with heightened (>60%) platelet aggregation to both epinephrine alone and epinephrine plus serotonin exhibited increased platelet serotonin uptake, and transporter number and affinity. In a population of healthy subjects, co-stimulation with submaximal concentrations of epinephrine and serotonin identifies a subset of individuals with a hyperreactive platelet aggregation profile that is associated with changes in platelet serotonin function.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adenosine Diphosphate / pharmacology
  • Adrenergic Agonists / pharmacology*
  • Adult
  • Biological Transport
  • Blood Platelets / drug effects*
  • Blood Platelets / metabolism
  • Collagen / pharmacology
  • Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
  • Epinephrine / pharmacology*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Kinetics
  • Male
  • Paroxetine / pharmacology
  • Phenotype
  • Platelet Aggregation / drug effects*
  • Platelet Function Tests
  • Serotonin / blood
  • Serotonin / pharmacology*
  • Serotonin Plasma Membrane Transport Proteins / blood*
  • Serotonin Uptake Inhibitors / pharmacology

Substances

  • Adrenergic Agonists
  • SLC6A4 protein, human
  • Serotonin Plasma Membrane Transport Proteins
  • Serotonin Uptake Inhibitors
  • Serotonin
  • Paroxetine
  • Adenosine Diphosphate
  • Collagen
  • Epinephrine