The single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) rs12979860 near the IL28B gene has been associated with the spontaneous clearance of hepatitis C virus. We sought to determine whether this SNP could be associated with the spontaneous control of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. We studied the prevalence of the IL28B CC genotype among 53 white HIV controllers, compared with the prevalence among 389 HIV-infected noncontrollers. We found that the IL28B CC genotype was independently associated with spontaneous HIV control (odds ratio [OR], 2.669; P = .017), as were female sex (OR, 7.077; P ≤ .001) and the presence of HLA-B57 and/or B27 (OR, 3.080; P = .017). This result supports the idea that common host mechanisms are involved in the spontaneous control of these 2 chronic infections.