Diverse Roles for the Paxillin Family of Proteins in Cancer

Genes Cancer. 2012 May;3(5-6):362-70. doi: 10.1177/1947601912458582.


The paxillin family of intracellular scaffold proteins includes paxillin, Hic-5, and leupaxin, and all have been identified as key regulators of the cellular migration machinery in both 2- and 3-dimensional microenvironments. Herein, we provide insight into the roles of these proteins during tumorigenesis and metastasis, highlighting their functions in cancer initiation as well as tumor cell dissemination and survival. Furthermore, we speculate on the potential of paxillin family proteins as both future prognostic and therapeutic targets.

Keywords: cell adhesion; cell survival; epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT); extracellular matrix (ECM); invasion.