Joint Models of Longitudinal Data and Recurrent Events with Informative Terminal Event

Stat Biosci. 2012 Nov 1;4(2):262-281. doi: 10.1007/s12561-012-9061-x.


This article presents semiparametric joint models to analyze longitudinal data with recurrent event (e.g. multiple tumors, repeated hospital admissions) and terminal event such as death. A broad class of transformation models for the cumulative intensity of the recurrent events and the cumulative hazard of the terminal event is considered, which includes the proportional hazards model and the proportional odds model as special cases. We propose to estimate all the parameters using the nonparametric maximum likelihood estimators (NPMLE). We provide the simple and efficient EM algorithms to implement the proposed inference procedure. Asymptotic properties of the estimators are shown to be asymptotically normal and semiparametrically efficient. Finally, we evaluate the performance of the method through extensive simulation studies and a real-data application.