Two distinct populations of exosomes are released from LIM1863 colon carcinoma cell-derived organoids

Mol Cell Proteomics. 2013 Mar;12(3):587-98. doi: 10.1074/mcp.M112.021303. Epub 2012 Dec 10.


Exosomes are naturally occurring biological nanomembranous vesicles (∼40 to 100 nm) of endocytic origin that are released from diverse cell types into the extracellular space. They have pleiotropic functions such as antigen presentation and intercellular transfer of protein cargo, mRNA, microRNA, lipids, and oncogenic potential. Here we describe the isolation, via sequential immunocapture using anti-A33- and anti-EpCAM-coupled magnetic beads, of two distinct populations of exosomes released from organoids derived from human colon carcinoma cell line LIM1863. The exosome populations (A33-Exos and EpCAM-Exos) could not be distinguished via electron microscopy and contained stereotypical exosome markers such as TSG101, Alix, and HSP70. The salient finding of this study, revealed via gel-based LC-MS/MS, was the exclusive identification in EpCAM-Exos of the classical apical trafficking molecules CD63 (LAMP3), mucin 13 and the apical intestinal enzyme sucrase isomaltase and increased expression of dipeptidyl peptidase IV and the apically restricted pentaspan membrane glycoprotein prominin 1. In contrast, the A33-Exos preparation was enriched with basolateral trafficking molecules such as early endosome antigen 1, the Golgi membrane protein ADP-ribosylation factor, and clathrin. Our observations are consistent with EpCAM- and A33-Exos being released from the apical and basolateral surfaces, respectively, and the EpCAM-Exos proteome profile with widely published stereotypical exosomes. A proteome analysis of LIM1863-derived shed microvesicles (sMVs) was also performed in order to clearly distinguish A33- and EpCAM-Exos from sMVs. Intriguingly, several members of the MHC class I family of antigen presentation molecules were exclusively observed in A33-Exos, whereas neither MHC class I nor MHC class II molecules were observed via MS in EpCAM-Exos. Additionally, we report for the first time in any extracellular vesicle study the colocalization of EpCAM, claudin-7, and CD44 in EpCAM-Exos. Given that these molecules are known to complex together to promote tumor progression, further characterization of exosome subpopulations will enable a deeper understanding of their possible role in regulation of the tumor microenvironment.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Antigens, Neoplasm / metabolism*
  • Calcium-Binding Proteins / metabolism
  • Cell Adhesion Molecules / metabolism*
  • Cell Cycle Proteins / metabolism
  • Cell Line, Tumor
  • Cell-Derived Microparticles / classification
  • Cell-Derived Microparticles / metabolism
  • Chromatography, Liquid
  • Claudins / metabolism
  • Colonic Neoplasms / metabolism
  • Colonic Neoplasms / pathology
  • DNA-Binding Proteins / metabolism
  • Endosomal Sorting Complexes Required for Transport / metabolism
  • Epithelial Cell Adhesion Molecule
  • Exosomes / classification
  • Exosomes / metabolism*
  • Histocompatibility Antigens Class I / metabolism
  • Humans
  • Hyaluronan Receptors / metabolism
  • Lysosome-Associated Membrane Glycoproteins / metabolism
  • Membrane Glycoproteins / metabolism*
  • Neoplasm Proteins / metabolism
  • Organoids / metabolism*
  • Proteome / metabolism
  • Proteomics / methods
  • Tandem Mass Spectrometry
  • Transcription Factors / metabolism


  • Antigens, Neoplasm
  • CD44 protein, human
  • CLDN7 protein, human
  • Calcium-Binding Proteins
  • Cell Adhesion Molecules
  • Cell Cycle Proteins
  • Claudins
  • DNA-Binding Proteins
  • Endosomal Sorting Complexes Required for Transport
  • Epithelial Cell Adhesion Molecule
  • GPA33 protein, human
  • Histocompatibility Antigens Class I
  • Hyaluronan Receptors
  • LAMP3 protein, human
  • Lysosome-Associated Membrane Glycoproteins
  • Membrane Glycoproteins
  • Neoplasm Proteins
  • PDCD6IP protein, human
  • Proteome
  • Transcription Factors
  • Tsg101 protein