Objectives: To estimate the possible economic benefit of a sequential testing strategy with NT-proBNP to reduce the number of echocardiographies.
Methods: Retrospective study in a third-party payer perspective. The costs were calculated from three Swedish counties: Blekinge, Östergötland, and Uppland. Two cut-off levels of NT-proBNP were used: 400 and 300 pg/mL. The cost-effectiveness of the testing strategy was estimated through the short-term cost avoidance and reduction in demand for echocardiographies.
Results: The estimated costs for NT-proBNP tests and echocardiographies per county were reduced by 33%-36% with the 400 pg/mL cut-off and by 28%-29% with the 300 pg/mL cut-off. This corresponded to a yearly cost reduction of approximately €2-5 million per million inhabitants in these counties.
Conclusion: The use of NT-proBNP as a screening test could substantially reduce the number of echocardiographies in the diagnostic work-up of patients with suspected cardiac failure, as well as the associated costs.