DNA polymerase δ consists of four subunits, one of which, p12, is degraded in response to DNA damage through the ubiquitin-proteasome pathway. However, the identities of the ubiquitin ligase(s) that are responsible for the proximal biochemical events in triggering proteasomal degradation of p12 are unknown. We employed a classical approach to identifying a ubiquitin ligase that is involved in p12 degradation. Using UbcH5c as ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme, a ubiquitin ligase activity that polyubiquitinates p12 was purified from HeLa cells. Proteomic analysis revealed that RNF8, a RING finger ubiquitin ligase that plays an important role in the DNA damage response, was the only ubiquitin ligase present in the purified preparation. In vivo, DNA damage-induced p12 degradation was significantly reduced by shRNA knockdown of RNF8 in cultured human cells and in RNF8(-/-) mouse epithelial cells. These studies provide the first identification of a ubiquitin ligase activity that is involved in the DNA damage-induced destruction of p12. The identification of RNF8 allows new insights into the integration of the control of p12 degradation by different DNA damage signaling pathways.