Neto2 interacts with the scaffolding protein GRIP and regulates synaptic abundance of kainate receptors

PLoS One. 2012;7(12):e51433. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0051433. Epub 2012 Dec 6.


Kainate receptors (KARs) are a class of ionotropic glutamate receptors that are expressed throughout the central nervous system. The function and subcellular localization of KARs are tightly regulated by accessory proteins. We have previously identified the single-pass transmembrane proteins, Neto1 and Neto2, to be associated with native KARs. In the hippocampus, Neto1, but not Neto2, controls the abundance and modulates the kinetics of postsynaptic KARs. Here we evaluated whether Neto2 regulates synaptic KAR levels in the cerebellum where Neto1 expression is limited to the deep cerebellar nuclei. In the cerebellum, where Neto2 is present abundantly, we found a ~40% decrease in GluK2-KARs at the postsynaptic density (PSD) of Neto2-null mice. No change, however, was observed in total level of GluK2-KARs, thereby suggesting a critical role of Neto2 on the synaptic localization of cerebellar KARs. The presence of a putative class II PDZ binding motif on Neto2 led us to also investigate whether it interacts with PDZ domain-containing proteins previously implicated in regulating synaptic abundance of KARs. We identified a PDZ-dependent interaction between Neto2 and the scaffolding protein GRIP. Furthermore, coexpression of Neto2 significantly increased the amount of GRIP associated with GluK2, suggesting that Neto2 may promote and/or stabilize GluK2:GRIP interactions. Our results demonstrate that Neto2, like Neto1, is an important auxiliary protein for modulating the synaptic levels of KARs. Moreover, we propose that the interactions of Neto1/2 with various scaffolding proteins is a critical mechanism by which KARs are stabilized at diverse synapses.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing / metabolism*
  • Animals
  • COS Cells
  • Cerebellum / metabolism*
  • Chlorocebus aethiops
  • Immunohistochemistry
  • Immunoprecipitation
  • Membrane Proteins / metabolism*
  • Mice
  • Nerve Tissue Proteins / metabolism*
  • PDZ Domains / physiology
  • Receptors, Kainic Acid / metabolism*
  • Synapses / metabolism*
  • Two-Hybrid System Techniques


  • Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing
  • Grip1 protein, mouse
  • Membrane Proteins
  • NETO2 protein, mouse
  • Nerve Tissue Proteins
  • Receptors, Kainic Acid