Use of a noninvasive continuous monitoring device in the management of atrial fibrillation: a pilot study

Pacing Clin Electrophysiol. 2013 Mar;36(3):328-33. doi: 10.1111/pace.12053. Epub 2012 Dec 13.


Background: Outpatient ambulatory cardiac rhythm monitoring is a routine part of the management of patients with paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (AF). Current systems are limited by patient convenience and practicality.

Methods: We compared the Zio(®) Patch, a single-use, noninvasive waterproof long-term continuous monitoring patch, with a 24-hour Holter monitor in 74 consecutive patients with paroxysmal AF referred for Holter monitoring for detection of arrhythmias.

Results: The Zio(®) Patch was well tolerated, with a mean monitoring period of 10.8 ± 2.8 days (range 4-14 days). Over a 24-hour period, there was excellent agreement between the Zio(®) Patch and Holter for identifying AF events and estimating AF burden. Although there was no difference in AF burden estimated by the Zio(®) Patch and the Holter monitor, AF events were identified in 18 additional individuals, and the documented pattern of AF (persistent or paroxysmal) changed in 21 patients after Zio(®) Patch monitoring. Other clinically relevant cardiac events recorded on the Zio(®) Patch after the first 24 hours of monitoring, including symptomatic ventricular pauses, prompted referrals for pacemaker placement or changes in medications. As a result of the findings from the Zio(®) Patch, 28.4% of patients had a change in their clinical management.

Conclusions: The Zio(®) Patch was well tolerated, and allowed significantly longer continuous monitoring than a Holter, resulting in an improvement in clinical accuracy, the detection of potentially malignant arrhythmias, and a meaningful change in clinical management. Further studies are necessary to examine the long-term impact of the use of the Zio(®) Patch in AF management.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Arrhythmias, Cardiac / diagnosis
  • Atrial Fibrillation / diagnosis*
  • Electrocardiography, Ambulatory / instrumentation*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Pilot Projects