Purification and structure of caltrin-like proteins from seminal vesicle of the guinea pig

J Biol Chem. 1990 Apr 25;265(12):6854-9.


Two different small proteins that cross-react with the antiserum against bovine caltrin (calcium transport inhibitor) have been purified from the seminal vesicle contents of the guinea pig. The primary structure and some molecular characteristics of the pure proteins are reported. The two proteins interact with concanavalin A indicating the presence of carbohydrates in their molecules. Chemical deglycosylation with trifluoromethanesulfonic acid, after reduction and carboxymethylation, results in complete loss of affinity for the lectin. Removal of sugar components from the structure destroys the ability of caltrin-like proteins to react with antibodies to bovine caltrin. The protein moving faster on polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis is designated guinea pig caltrin I, the other is II. They contain 45 and 55 amino acids, and the molecular weights of the peptide portions are 5082 and 6255, respectively. Although they have entirely different amino acid sequences, they share some common features: recognition by rabbit antibodies to bovine caltrin, the predominance of basic residues and the presence of 3 cysteine residues in fraction I and 8 in fraction II. The proteins have pI values of 9.5 and 10.2, respectively, which are consistent with the amino acid composition. The two pure fractions are approximately equally effective, on a weight basis, as inhibitors of 45Ca2+ uptake by guinea pig spermatozoa. The data presented reinforce the hypothesis that caltrin-like proteins are responsible for the previously reported (Coronel, C.E., San Agustin, J., and Lardy, H.A. (1988) Biol. Reprod. 38, 713-722), calcium-transport inhibitor activity detected in reproductive tract fluid from adult male guinea pigs.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Animals
  • Blotting, Western
  • Calcium / metabolism
  • Cattle
  • Chromatography, Gel
  • Chromatography, Ion Exchange
  • Electrophoresis, Polyacrylamide Gel
  • Glycoproteins / isolation & purification*
  • Guinea Pigs
  • Isoelectric Focusing
  • Male
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Prostatic Secretory Proteins*
  • Proteins / isolation & purification*
  • Proteins / pharmacology
  • Seminal Plasma Proteins
  • Seminal Vesicles / analysis*
  • Sequence Homology, Nucleic Acid
  • Spermatozoa / drug effects
  • Spermatozoa / metabolism


  • Glycoproteins
  • Prostatic Secretory Proteins
  • Proteins
  • Seminal Plasma Proteins
  • beta-microseminoprotein
  • Calcium