Introduction: This study aimed to validate the utility of the new histological classification proposed by the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer (IASLC), American Thoracic Society (ATS), and European Respiratory Society (ERS) for identifying the prognostic subtypes of adenocarcinomas in Japanese patients; correlations between the classification and the presence of EGFR or KRAS mutation status were also investigated.
Methods: We retrospectively reviewed 440 patients with lung adenocarcinoma, who underwent resection. The tumors were classified according to the IASLC/ATS/ERS classification. EGFR and KRAS mutations were detected using the established methods.
Results: Five-year disease-free survival rates were: 100% for adenocarcinoma in situ (n = 20) and minimally invasive adenocarcinoma (n = 33), 93.8% for lepidic-predominant adenocarcinoma (n = 36), 88.8% for invasive mucinous adenocarcinoma (n = 10), 66.7% for papillary-predominant adenocarcinoma (n = 179), 69.7% for acinar-predominant adenocarcinoma (n = 61), 43.3% for solid-predominant adencoarcinoma (n = 78), and 0% for micropapillary-predominant adenocarcinoma (n = 19). Multivariate analysis revealed that the new classification was an independent predictor of disease-free survival. EGFR and KRAS mutations were detected in 90 cases (53.9%) and 21 cases (13.3%), respectively; EGFR mutations were significantly associated with adenocarcinoma in situ, minimally invasive adenocarcinoma, lepidic- and papillary-predominant adenocarcinoma, and KRAS mutations adenocarcinomas with mucinous tumor subtypes.
Conclusions: We found that the IASLC/ATS/ERS classification identified prognostic histologic subtypes of lung adenocarcinomas among Japanese patients. Histologic subtyping and molecular testing for EGFR and KRAS mutations can help predict patient prognosis and select those who require adjuvant chemotherapy.