Pomegranate Protection against Cardiovascular Diseases

Evid Based Complement Alternat Med. 2012;2012:382763. doi: 10.1155/2012/382763. Epub 2012 Nov 18.

Abstract

The current paper summarizes the antioxidative and antiatherogenic effects of pomegranate polyphenols on serum lipoproteins and on arterial macrophages (two major components of the atherosclerotic lesion), using both in vitro and in vivo humans and mice models. Pomegranate juice and its by-products substantially reduced macrophage cholesterol and oxidized lipids accumulation, and foam cell formation (the hallmark of early atherogenesis), leading to attenuation of atherosclerosis development, and its consequent cardiovascular events.