Background and objective: To analyze the effects of an aquatic biodance based therapy on sleep quality, anxiety, depression, pain and quality of life in fibromyalgia patients.
Patients and method: Randomized controlled trial with 2 groups. Fifty-nine patients were assigned to 2 groups: experimental group (aquatic biodance) and control group (stretching). The outcome measures were quality of sleep (Pittsburgh questionnaire), anxiety (State Anxiety Inventory), depression (Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale), pain (visual analogue scale, pressure algometry and McGill) and quality of life (Fibromyalgia Impact Questionnaire) before and after a 12-week therapy.
Results: After treatment, we observed significant differences in the experimental group (P<.05) on sleep quality (49.7%), anxiety (14.1%), impact of fibromyalgia (18.3%), pain (27.9%), McGill (23.7%) and tender points (34.4%).
Conclusions: Aquatic biodance contributed to improvements in sleep quality, anxiety, pain and other fibromyalgia symptoms.
Keywords: Ansiedad; Anxiety; Dance therapy; Dolor; Ejercicio; Exercise; Fibromialgia; Fibromyalgia; Pain; Sleep; Sueño; Tratamiento a través de la danza.
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